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Pemba

Pemba

Pemba is the capital of the Cabo Delgado Province in the north of Mozambique. It is a port town located on the south side of the world's third-largest natural bay. With a population of around 100,000, it is the most important center in northern Mozambique. The town was built over rolling hills, and most people live in wooden huts set amongst the numerous thick baobab trees.

Pemba is a prime destination for water sports and diving enthusiasts, as a coral reef lies close to the shore. The city has increasingly become a tourist destination, particularly for upper-middle class Mozambicans and South Africans, and international flights and new facilities are improving quickly.

The climate in this part of Mozambique is tropical, with average annual temperatures ranging from seventy to ninety degrees Fahrenheit. The hot rainy season usually runs from December to April, and, while the rain is irregular, it is occasionally very heavy and accompanied by strong monsoon winds.

Activities at Pemba are many. Snorkelling on the Pemba Dive Reef about 100 meters off Wimbe Beach is spectacular. The bay offers protection to an extensive variety of soft and hard coral that attract a legion of species, even the rare one-ton oceanic sunfish, large potato bass, Napoleon wrasses, dolphins, whales, and turtles. The scuba diving in this environment is excellent. Marine photography in the calm warm waters is ideal for both the professional and the novice. Big game fishing seeks kingfish, dogtooth tuna, great barracuda, couta, dolphin fish, and wahoo.

In the town of Pemba, visit the Slave Trade Fort at Ponta Romero Lighthouse. The fort is a historical monument where slaves were once auctioned off and incoming ships were spotted. Visit Paquitequete, a fishing village where you can experience the traditional coastal lifestyle. Visit the Maconde Tribe are skilled sculptors, creating expressive and aesthetic helmet masks that are used by dancers in their traditional festivals and ceremonies. Nearby Nkwita Lake collects its fresh water from the surrounding rivers, creating a permanent wetland that attracts migrant bird species and waders such as the rare Dickinson’s Kestrel and Fish Eagles.

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